Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. For one, PPM involves more strategy and is more goal-driven than program management. Project management software should allow users to document the tasks they complete. Project Management. Program vs. These aspects help create a plan that the project team members can easily follow, as they know exactly what they have to do to complete a task, as well as what they’ll work on afterward. These roles all have different histories and slightly different responsibilities. softwaresuggest. Here, the distinction is made between product manager vs. program manager, rather than project manager vs. program manager. A portfolio can consist of multiple programs or multiple projects without having a single program. October 4, 2019. While these two programs may not have much overlap in terms of resources, it’s still important to consider them together when planning for the future of the business. The governance and organisational structure put in place for projects, programs and portfolios is vital to be able to deliver on time, on cost, with the desired quality, but more importantly to deliver to stakeholder expectations. What is Project Management? PLUS… Access to our online selection platform for free. Each sub-portfolio would be headed by a Division Head like a Vice President. Project portfolio management includes a lot of activities, including the balance of project constraints. With initiate the project, identify the risks, asses the risks, plan risk reduction measures, implement the responses. Thank You, I have explained the importance of these terms from an Organizational Management perspective. Different divisions like Commercial Division and Residential Division would be sub-portfolios. Project portfolio is a strategic collection of all projects and programs within an organization. Such constraints include, among other things, scope, resources, time, risk, cost, and quality. A project deals with specific deliverables, whereas a program is concerned with the … Project – My New Year resolution for this year is to attain the PMP certification within next two months. It was really helpful, Project management is usually defined as the management of a specific set of goals and objectives to occur within a defined time period. Project, Program and Portfolio are common day to day English words with simple meanings. The formal definition of a project portfolio is “a collection ‘project components’ (e.g. Project vs. There is often a misunderstanding about the terms Portfolio, Programme and Project Management, when it comes to programme management. Also like program management, project portfolio management provides insights into big picture budget and resource allocation. Whereas a program is a collection of related projects, a project can exist without any program. ; Program Managers must be comfortable in being less hands-on and they need to have a vision of the benefits the program will achieve. A consumer durable company is in the business of design, development, marketing, and servicing consumer products like refrigerators, washing machines, air-conditioners (AC) etc. These processes apply to the different levels of an organisation project, programme and portfolio, it is just the ways of application that are different. Whereas a program is a collection of related projects, a project can exist without any program. To avoid resources, conflict is the major task to be done by PMO anywhere. Thanks again. Project, program and portfolio governance, the basis of successful delivery. A business project is a temporary task, something with a start and end date. PMBOK 2013 pg. In addition, identifying resources ensures that the team always has what they need, when they need it. Therefore, the program manager is responsible for sorting out when each project can use a resource and when each employee should be working on which project, based on each project’s plan. A project is a temporary endeavor done to create a unique service, result or product. There is an upper layer called portfolios. If it exists, the organization’s Portfolio Office is responsible for such intelligence, which enables those involved in projects and programmes to take a corporate approach. Project Management vs Program Management vs Portfolio Management 11:11 By Rufina Scott 0 Comment These are very important topics from a PMP exam point of view and you are going to see some questions on these topics in your exam; therefore, make sure you understand these topics well. Portfolio is a collection of projects programs and operational work. There is an upper layer called portfolios. Commercial Portfolio could include construction of malls, shopping complexes, and office buildings while Residential Portfolio could include construction of residential buildings, and row houses. construction of row houses, construction of a multi-storied residential building, construction of a club house, landscaping project, marketing project etc. What is your take on these terms? Such definitions leave much to be desired. You're right. You use project management skills to manage all of them, but as you can imagine, managing one project is simpler than managing one program, which in turn is simpler than managing one portfolio. Collection of Project, Programs and Operations, Controlling inter-dependencies among related projects. Outcome (product, service or result) of one project may be used by the other projects within the same program. Program and portfolio management are carried out by more senior roles as previously discussed, and may even be assigned to a project management office (PMO). Sometimes a programme is called a project. Both involve the careful coordination of projects and programs that meet organizational strategies, rather than individual tactics. Portfolio management deal with the collection of assets but the Program Management deals with the collection of projects which are combined together to make a program. A portfolio manager might manage a software implementation program in addition to their content marketing program. It can refer to (at least) three distinct roles: the Product Manager, the Project Manager, and the Program Manager. Many companies use a Project Management Office to handle all activities related to PPM.The PMO is the central hub for all projects in the business, driving PPM on a largely strategic level. Portfolio manager High-level responsibility: Portfolio managers are responsible for the success of a group of programs that may or may not be related to one another. Furthermore, project management is directed by project managers, but much of the tasks involved are carried about by your regular employees. This paper explains the PMI concepts and expands on them to show how they can be combined in order to provide a further level of effectiveness and control. From the PMBOK:. Your email address will not be published. Portfolio Level A portfolio is all the projects for an … Simply put, a project is an enclosed task with a finite duration, and a program is a collection of projects that contribute to a long-term goal. Program means group of related projects as mentioned in PMBOK 6. Sounds simple, right? Companies with this approach tend to view a program manager as a more technically-focused counterpart of the product manager, who is responsible for guiding the creation of the actual code that will form the solution. However, there are differences when you directly compare portfolio vs program management. We use these words regularly without even realizing it. We’ve discussed this a little already, mentioning that program management provides a higher overview than project management and the same for portfolio management over program management. Portfolios are aligned to the business and industrial domain of an organization. A program is a collection of projects that need to be managed and coordinated together. It requires completely different techniques and perspectives. Portfolio Level A portfolio is all the projects for an … Project vs Program posted by John Spacey, June 22, 2017. Project vs Program vs Portfolio management: Difference between project and program and portfolio. Usually, there is confusion around the meaning of these term. Thank you for your A2A. Project program management . Projects are often supported by operational teams. Below is a simple diagram showing the relationships between each word. Program Manager) Project managers are more tactical, seeking to complete tasks and deliverables on time and within budget. Most people have a common understanding of a project. However, there are differences when you directly compare portfolio vs program management. PMBOK GuideProject Management includes, among many other things, balancing the project constraints. This is excellent explanation!thanks for sharing. How do you use them in your organization? In the past, a program manager has likely already managed several very large, complex or risky projects. Below is a simple diagram showing the relationships between each word. projects, programs and other work) that are grouped together to facilitate the effective management of that work to meet strategic business objectives.” What exactly are the differences when it comes to program management vs project management vs portfolio management? Projects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives. Portfolio is an organizational strategy/thinking to achieve strategic goals. Yes. They’re also often conflated with other areas of responsibility within a company, such as project … Overseen by a program manager as opposed to a project manager, program management focuses on how a group of projects affects the organization’s strategic goals and objectives. A program can be described as a cluster of related program activities, projects, and subprograms. The job focus of the project manager is both narrower and deeper than that of the program manager. They share some of the same responsibilities, such as daily management of life cycles, risks and budget. Let’s look at a few examples from our day to day life. Many project management software vendors offer all-in-one solutions that allow businesses to manage everything from the most trivial task to company budgets and reports. When you see something that needs doing, such as a software bug fix or creating a piece of content, the task is completed, and then it’s over. The distinctions people have offered in terms of Projects, Programs and Portflios are correct, so I’ll focus on another aspect of how I read the difference in priorities and operation between these three things. Or put another way you can fix two of the three but one of them must flex. Project planning is quite possibly the most important step in the project management process, as it defines the budget, timelines and objectives of the project. Portfolios - Clarity PPM QRC theBasiX A Quick Reference Card to help with the definition and differences between Projects, Programs and Portfolios in Clarity PPM. Do you use them differently? By definition, project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities, to meet project requirements. This means that project management has a defined end, making it very focused on deliverables and less so on business tactics. Portfolio Management focuses on a long term value of stakeholders – especially of the investing company as compared to the Program … Definitions of project, program and portfolio. The Agile community argues, rightly, that you normally can’t get all of these at the same time. Project and program management are about execution and delivery---doing projects right. A portfolioorganizes programs, projects, sub-portfolios, sub-programs, and operations to facilitate business benefits (i.e., maximize profitability). A project is a managed initiative of fixed duration, budget and scope. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. This article is intended to clarify the main differences and to distinguish the unique aspects of project portfolios, programmes, and projects. Other aspects of project planning include defining the steps (commonly referred to as tasks) needed in order to finish the project, and identifying what resources will be required. If all the projects within the program are not successful, the final goal of a program is either not met or partially met. Portfolio is an organizational strategy/thinking to achieve strategic goals. A project is focused on creating a unique product, service, or result. This approach takes projects out of their silos and avoids the pitfalls associated with them. The constituents of a portfolio are used to fulfill strategic business objectives of an organization. Related: How Program Managers Use Software to Manage Project Portfolios The Difference Between a Program Manager and a Project Manager. This program could involve several projects e.g. Portfolio refers to a group of related or non-related projects or programs. Do you use project management, program management, portfolio management or possibly all three? Perhaps someone is underperforming when it comes to project A, but it’s only because they’re completely tied up in project B. 553: Program - A group of related projects, subprograms and program activities managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually. Each project in a program creates a unique product, service or a result. Projects vs. Programs vs. The role of respective managers is to complete these tasks. Now you’re probably wondering what the difference is between a program manager and a project manager. People searching for Project Manager vs. Sometimes a programme is called a project. This portfolio would have one program/project for gas, other for water, other for electricity. In order to make sure that the project is on schedule, project managers need to check in on the progress of each task as the project team works on them. All original content is copyrighted by SelectHub and any copying or reproduction (without references to SelectHub) is strictly prohibited. Program manager vs. project manager: What’s the difference? Project Management – The Company would have several running projects at any given point in time. So what exactly is the difference between project, program and portfolio management? This fulfils a long-felt need by project professionals to expand their influence, vision and visibilit… While they’re different projects, they may use similar resources and can benefit from being managed by the same person. A project is distinct and is for specified duration. (Project Manager vs. In some cases, the portfolio could be the entirety of the organization’s projects. Sometimes a project is called a programme. (Project Manager vs. A program tends to have greater levels of uncertainty. The other major component of project management is monitoring the completion of individual tasks while the project is underway. Program management involves multiple projects, as mentioned earlier. Good portfolio management increase… The projects within the program might be executed at different times by a different set of people but they will be governed by the larger shared goal of “making the new line of refrigerators successful”. According to PMI, project management is “a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.” Project: Program: Portfolio: Definitions: Project - A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. Using a gross simplification, the main difference is size.. You need to be aware of the definitions for project, program, and portfolio. Project management software allows companies to become competitive in their environments, optimizing time and effort and keeping the project on track by using its main features of planning, managing time, resources and people & controlling. Project vs. Program management is very similar to project management, but instead of one project, this discipline involves managing several ongoing projects at once. Portfolios - Clarity PPM QRC theBasiX A Quick Reference Card to help with the definition and differences between Projects, Programs and Portfolios in Clarity PPM. PMP Boot Camp Online: Which Is The Best Training Course? Project portfolio management (PPfM) is fundamentally different from project and program management. The portfolio manager is a higher position than the program manager, and the program manager may report to the portfolio manager. (I find the PRINCE2 definition of a project a little vague hence less useful. The main target of portfolio management is to decrease the risk of the stakeholders and maximize the profit of all stakeholders. Program – Our company has started a social program to provide good healthcare in villages. A program manager manages multiple projects, and sometimes multiple programs while a project manager manages the teams responsible for fulfilling the project and achieving its deliverables.. Generally speaking, a program manager has broader … Goals or go-ahead for a new project comes from portfolio decision. While the project manager is managing multiple tasks within a project, the program manager is coordinating between related projects within a program, in order to determine which projects are working towards the same or similar goals, and which may be dependent upon others. Each sub-portfolio would be headed by a Division Head like a Vice President. Projects vs. Programs vs. Though a project and a program are distinct, the project management tools used to manage them are very similar. People often get confused with project vs. program vs. portfolio so I thought I would give a quick rundown of the differences. The portfolio and sub-portfolios will have running programs, projects and operations. Get our Requirements Template for PPM Software. The program, … Differences in impact? The projects within a program share a goal. Let us know with a comment below! Optimization of organizational cost, resources etc. Additionally, program managers tend to direct similar projects, whereas portfolio managers may be managing entirely unrelated projects. The Portfolio Management is a combination of different assets. But there’s actually a little more to these two than meets the eye. The following are key differences between the two: Time Projects have a start and end date. I am a Project Management Instructor, Coach & Advisor. Within the Project Management Office there are two different levels of management, project and portfolio. Many companies use a Project Management Office to handle all activities related to PPM.The PMO is the central hub for all projects in the business, driving PPM on a largely strategic level. Portfolio Management. Such benefits cannot be obtained at an individua… The role of a manager is related to the tasks expected from her/him. According to PRINCE2, a Project is defined as “A temporary organization that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to a specified Business Case”. For instance, an IT program manager might manage an ERP implementation and a BI implementation. Project Management – The Company would have several running projects at any given point in time. Project portfolio management helps plan for future projects by giving managers better insights into where the smartest investments can be made. Organizational benefits like reduction in costs, increase in profits, and a good return on investments. Project management involves the planning, coordination and oversight of a specific project from beginning to end. Portfolio-Program-Project . Although project management, program management and portfolio management are all distinct methods of managing project-oriented work, they can all be performed through one tool. These constraints include, but are not limited to, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Risk, and Resources.You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Project. Program Manager Role Confusion “PM” is a confusing abbreviation. Thanks for the explanation! The Product vs. Project vs. Projects can vary widely in terms of duration and budget. Portfolio – I have an investment portfolio of stocks and mutual funds. Project and program. Required fields are marked *. scope and including associated qualityimplications). Each of these terms have a distinct meaning & significance and they should be used appropriately. In the diagram below (Diagram 1.0), the organization groups its initiatives, investments, projects, and programs through portfolios or lines of business aligning to the organization's benefits. Project Managers need to focus on the deliverables of their project which must be achieved within certain cost and time constraints. You will also find a brief explanation of roles of Project, Program and Portfolio Mangers in this post. Portfolio adjustments may need to made based on strategic changes, or feedback from program and project implementation. Agile teams normally flex scope. They are related to each other because of the shared program goal. Many people within the same company use them differently. The difference between program management and PPM is a little harder to discern, but there are distinct differences between these two practices as well. We are coordinating with different governmental and non-governmental organizations. These are managed in a coordinated manner so that benefits can be obtained. February 22, 2011. In this post, you will find a couple of examples to help you understand the terminology. This category of software is one of the best tools for managing every level of project management. Program Management – Each division within the company would have several running programs e.g. I have written this post to define and differentiate between Project, Program and Portfolio management. Program Management – Each division within the company would have several running programs e.g. How are Project and Program Managers different? Program vs. Each sits on a different tier of a hierarchy. Program managers are strategic, looking at the larger picture and implementing a strategy to achieve objectives with clear advantages for the company, like growth and results. Project Portfolio Management: Portfolio management is the key to achieve objective cross-functional organization. The program management function Portfolio Managers. In addition, sometimes project portfolios and programmes are mistakenly used interchangeably. See the Price/User for the top PPM Software... plus the most important considerations and questions to ask. A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. Project vs. Jump-start your selection project with a free, pre-built, customizable PPM Software requirements template. Program Management vs Project Management vs Portfolio Management. However, in the flowchart in the same chapter , it is shown that operations also part of program. Additionally, PPM processes help you find gaps in the current project portfolio or identify the current projects that may become a barrier to completing a future one. Gantt charts are a necessity, as they allow program managers a clear view into resource usage. Strategic business objectives could include maximization of profits, building brand & reputation, reducing overall costs, and optimization of resource usage. Pricing, Ratings, and Reviews for each Vendor. A program is a long running initiative with broad strategic goals. You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Project. Sometimes a project is called a programme. You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Program. People often get confused with project vs. program vs. portfolio so I thought I would give a quick rundown of the differences. The standard way to explain the difference between program and project management goes something like this: Project Managers manage projects and Program Managers manage a portfolio of projects. It’s only when you consider multiple projects in relation to each other that you’re able to uncover these types of insight. Both project funding and program funding exist, but there are some key differences. Various trademarks held by their respective owners. For example, if someone needs to use a piece of equipment, they should schedule a time to use it and then document it under project management principles. A portfolio can have multiple non-similar projects without having a program because portfolio management deals with two or more non-related projects. Program managers are strategic, looking at the larger picture and implementing a strategy to achieve objectives with clear advantages for the company, like growth and results. The project risk management process is well known. ProjectManager.com has an award-winning Gantt chart that lets you establish phases, milestones and dependencies. It’s the discipline through which every project and task gets accomplished. The differences you took from which source. Project portfolio management helps plan for future projects by giving managers better insights into where the smartest investments can be made. , 3 Differences Between Configuration Management vs Change Management. Structure: A project is well-defined, with a Project Charter that spells out exactly what the scope and objectives are for the project. Both project funding and program funding exist, but there are some key differences. it defines the budget, timelines and objectives of the project, look at the entire collection of projects (known as the program), project management software requirements template. PPM software lets portfolio managers determine projects by priority in addition to making notes on strategic progress. In PRINC… PMBOK 2013 pg. The program can have a group of projects or programs under them aligned to the respective portfolio or s… Additional distinctions between program and project management are shown in Table 1. And, a portfolio is a collection of projects and programs that are managed as a group to achieve strategic goals and a business value. Whatever your needs are when it comes to managing your company’s projects, there’s a software solution available. The portfolio and sub-portfolios will have running programs, projects and operations. Your email address will not be published. Program Management involves coordination among the constituent projects so as to obtain the benefits that might not be obtained if they are managed individually. Program: (also written as programme) portfolio comprised of multiple projects that are managed and coordinated as one unit with the objective of achieving outcomes and benefits for the organization. We often use these words interchangeably and, while they share some similarities, they have distinct meanings with key differences. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Table 1: Program Management vs. Project Management Delivering the "Whole Product" To explore further, let's consider the concept of the "whole product". Let’s start at the beginning. This program could involve several projects e.g. On the other extreme, a program is everlasting and executed in the business to continuously obtain the results of the entity. Project: A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.. You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Portfolio. But it can be hard to find the best project management software if you aren’t equipped with the right vocabulary. A portfolio can be envisaged as a set of assets invested or exploited at a given point in time. In contrast, PPfM focuses on doing the right projects at the right time by selecting and managing projects as a portfolio of investments. a design project (refrigerator design), a manufacturing project (setting up refrigerator manufacturing), a marketing project, a servicing project (training post-sales servicing personnel) etc. Additionally, program and portfolio management are more strategic processes. This keeps everyone on the same page, aware of their constraints and focused on their goals. Launch a new line of refrigerators. While program managers often set schedules and budgets for the entire program, they do not manage the day-to-day tactical work for an individual project. If the projects are similar but not related, then they should be managed as part of a Portfolio. Looking at this scenario from strictly a project management lens wouldn’t have uncovered this. But there are stark differences that separate the three. Program Management may also involve completing some work that is outside the scope of individual projects. Organizations have long misunderstood the difference between projects and programs--particularly in relation to the strategic significance each plays to the enterprise. A real estate company is in the business of constructing buildings and performing related work to fulfill the unmet public demand. Project portfolio management (PPM), also known simply as portfolio management, involves managing a company’s proposals, projects and programs to accomplish broader business initiatives. Project Managers need to focus on the deliverables of their project which must be achieved within certain cost and time constraints. It’s also important to note that a portfolio manager could manage a program in addition to a project or perhaps even multiple portfolios. Portfolio: A portfolio is a collection of projects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives. Portfolio Management I mentioned in the last post the shift from project management to program management as one of the many important shifts in business-IT maturity that typically take place around the middle of Level 2 (in a simplified 3-level model). Project vs Program posted by John Spacey, June 22, 2017. a Residential Township at location X. It will help decide if to bid on a project or put extra resources in any project or reduce resources to optimize them on a different project. The projects and programs within a portfolio are not related to each other. How are Project and Program Managers different? In addition, sometimes project portfolio and programme are mistakenly used interchangeably. Because of this, they’re both ongoing processes with no definitive end. The following are key differences between the two: Time Projects have a start and end date. Portfolio Management I mentioned in the last post the shift from project management to program management as one of the many important shifts in business-IT maturity that typically take place around the middle of Level 2 (in a simplified 3-level model). These terms are often confused, used interchangeably, and given entirely different meanings across industries and organizations. Dear Praveen Malik ,thank you very much.It is an awesome justification.I have great gratitude for effort and consideration.It is very useful professional illustration. A program, on the other hand, is essentially a group of related or interrelated projects, subprograms, and/or program activities. The PMBOK definition nicely encapsulates this: Successful projects deliver on time, to budget and to specification (i.e. Program management is about grouping two or more projects that have similar objectives and will get more benefits if managed together, instead of alone. Cecily Macdougall. Product management vs. program management. Hi, My name is Praveen Malik. It took me a while to get here but I am glad I found your site. Note: Related projects may or may not be similar. Goals or go-ahead for a new project comes from portfolio decision. By now you would have understood the meaning and finer differences between the main terms. But let’s get down into some specifics: Project management is the more tactical of the three. For one, PPM involves more strategy and is more goal-driven than program management. The projects within the program might be executed at different times by a different set of people but they will be governed by the larger shared goal of “making the township successful & livable”. Such constraints include, among other things, scope, resources, time, risk, cost, and quality. Program: (also written as programme) portfolio comprised of multiple projects that are managed and coordinated as one unit with the objective of achieving outcomes and benefits for the organization. These project may or may not be part of a program e.g an IT project to implement a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software may not be part of any program. If you need help determining which features you need from PMO software, make sure to check out our project management software requirements template. Sort of. Both program and portfolio management are closely related to project management, which often leads to confusion. Program Management vs Project Management: 5 Critical Differences posted by John Spacey, February 24, 2013. The provided information helped me a lot to clear my concepts on the mentioned terms. © 2020 SelectHub. Portfolio Management – The Company, itself, is the largest portfolio. First up, let’s define the concept that you’re probably the most familiar with. An Introduction to Project, Program, and Portfolio Management LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you will be able to: Understand the growing need for better project, program, and portfolio management Explain what a project is, provide examples of projects, list various attributes of projects, and describe project constraints Delivery Manager found the following resources, articles, links, and information helpful. The others are program management and portfolio management. A project is a managed initiative of fixed duration, budget and scope. Project Portfolio Management (PPM)) is typically a function of the PMO team and is a formal approach to orchestrate, prioritize, and analyze the potential value from a set of projects. A program is a long running initiative with broad strategic goals. The biggest difference when it comes to program management vs project management is the number of projects. This paper examines the critical differences in--and advantages of--implementing and managing projects and programs. Project Management includes, among many other things, balancing the project constraints. Portfolio manager simply denotes the manager of all the projects of a business organization or a large segment of a large business organization. It will enable me to meet my life objectives. ; Program Managers must be comfortable in being less hands-on and they need to have a vision of the benefits the program will achieve. These project may or may not be part of a program e.g a procurement optimization project to reduce material procurement costs may not be part of any program. These constraints include, but are not limited to, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Risk, and Resources. But because program managers look at the entire collection of projects (known as the program), they typically need more experience than a project manager. A project is a temporary endeavor done to create a unique service, result or product. Projects are, essentially, just basic solutions to basic issues; they fill in the gaps that need to be filled. While they sound similar, the difference between project, program, and portfolio management is significant in purpose, scope, and benefit. You can also look at the following video to understand the difference. There are different types of management like Project Management, planning Management, Program Management, portfolio Management etc. The solution is project management office software, also known as PMO software. Portfolio Management – The Company, itself, is the largest portfolio. Welcome to my eponymous blog! Similar to how program management provides a higher level overview of project management, portfolio management offers an even higher level overview of both projects and programs. However,this may be applicable to standalone project also where similar operational work is needed. Mainly, program managers are responsible for maintaining budget and monitoring risk but only at the program level. All rights reserved. Nice article you shared thanks for the information you convey through the article. Think about the fact that you probably already have a lot of employees spread across several different projects. Related projects, subsidiary programs, and program activities that are managed in a coordinated manner to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually. A project differs from a program in the sense that the latter is a bundle of related projects, managed in a coordinated manner, to attain the benefits, which is available only when the projects are managed in groups. There is a difference between Project, Program and Portfolio but many people use these terms interchangeably in day to day conversations. The program manager manages a group of interconnected projects, and this group is called a program. Similarity may come from deploying same/similar technology, using shared resources, working for the same client etc. In light of this, we wanted to help clear things up and highlight the differences between project vs program vs portfolio management. Any organization has … There are many students who misconstrue project for the program, so here, in this article, we will explain the difference between project and program. Some of the most useful features include real-time collaboration, document management, finance management and reporting/forecasting. At the European Congress in Madrid in April 2006, PMI launched two new standards: Project Portfolio Management and Program Management. I have successfully trained thousands of aspirants for the PM certification exams. For example, you’d want to plan a project or a program with a Gantt chart. Project portfolio managers need to worry about the budget and risk of multiple programs, along with future projects and overall business goals. Each standard is self-contained and provides only limited details on the relationship between the two domains. Different companies use these terms differently. Programs may include some operational work to support the projects under the program. Project vs. Project portfolio management includes a lot of activities, including the balance of project constraints. Program Manager) Project managers are more tactical, seeking to complete tasks and deliverables on time and within budget. Thanks for your inputs.1 example I think of is logistics or order fulfillment team who delivers the material or products at the project site for installation & commissioning work. These outcomes collectively contribute towards the shared program goal. Program vs. Every business, from startups to fortune 500 corporations, needs to implement some form of project management. But, these (program) operations are not managed by program team. The terms “project,” “program” and “portfolio” are deployed day-to-day in business language. Thanks for it was very clearly described – very useful for me. Project portfolio management (PPM) is the management of all projects in an organization from a high-level perspective. Project portfolio management (PPM) is the management of all projects in an organization from a high-level perspective. Project management, strictly speaking, refers to one project. Program managers also do not directly manage the staff working to complete a project as a project manager would. Can we conclude that program means group of related projects & operations ? Just notice the major tasks written in the table above. What methods do you use to manage your company’s projects? Kindly tell me the reference of differences. Different divisions like Refrigerator Division, Washing Machine Division and AC Division would be sub-portfolios. A portfolio of projects will often contain numerous projects that have no relation whatsoever, besides the purpose of serving the overall organization strategy and direction.